Parasomnia refers to a sleeping disorder that involves aberrant and unusual events that occur during the sleep. It can occur at any time during a sleep cycle. It may even take place during arousal from sleeps. During most Parasomnia activities that occur during sleep, one may experience sleep paralysis and hallucinations.Parasomnia patients may be found wandering about at night and talking to people who are not present there at the time. They even speak words which cannot be comprehended.
Parasomnia patients can perform various daily life activities during their sleep. These activities may involve sleep terror, sleep arousal, sleep sex and many others. Some of these activities may not be too harmful to a person while activities such as exploding head disorder and sleep aggression can be dangerous and in even mortal in some cases. A brief description of common parasomnias is given below:
This is a common sleep disorder where a person grinds and grooves their teeth while sleeping. It can be disruptive and can also cause tooth fracture in some cases. Common causes of teeth grinding may be stressfulness or anxiety and even due to a missing tooth. This disorder is also known as Bruxism.
Somnabulism or sleep walking is another common sleep disorder that usually affects children and about 5% adults. Children aged 11 and 12 years are most likely to experience somnambulism. Physical and psychological conditions such as muscle fatigue, anxiety, mental disorders, sedatives and medications can all lead to somnambulism.
Causes of Parasomnia
As there is a wide range of parasomnias, the causes of parasomnia also vary according to a particular disorder. A list of causes of parasomnias is as follows:
- Genetic problems that can run in families.
- It is also caused due to several other sleeping disorders that a person might be experiencing at the time.
- Nightmares and violent dreams can also trigger parasomnia activities.
- High percentage of alcohol intake
- Stress and anxiety
- Brain immaturity.
Symptoms of Parasomnia
The symptoms are pretty obvious. Patients can generally experience intense sweating, musclefatigue especially if they are sleep walkers. Some of the symptoms are listed below:
- Sexsomnia which is another type of parasomnia where people can be found involved in sexual activities such as masturbating.
- Confusionarousals and nightterrors are also experienced by parasomnia affected people.
- Bedwettingwhich is most common in children.
- Groaning where people make loud noises and mumble during sleep.
- SleepParalysiscan be caused where muscular motion ceases.
- Sleep related eating disorder where people eat several times when they are partially awake.
Treatment for Parasomnia
Parasomnia is a curable sleep disorder thanks to much technological and scientific advancement.In many cases where the situation is not too severe, safety precautions are enough to deal with Parasomnia. In other cases, medications and physical exercises may be needed.Some of the treatments are mentioned below:
- Suitable padding, alarms and safety locks can prevent sleep walker from damaging themselves or others around them.
- Avoiding drugs and alcoholic products is most recommended by sleep therapists.
- Proper medical prescriptions should be sought by certified doctors.
- Most doctors recommend proper sleeping schedules to avoid Parasomnia.
Parasomnia is a common sleeping disorder which affects people of all ages. A person may be found doing normal activities while they continue to sleep. The sleeping disorder encircles a wide range of activities that can be performed by a person. The disease is curable; however, if it goes unnoticed it can have dangerous consequences.